The Carchive: The '67 Citroen ID19.

It’s Friday night (here), and from where I’m sitting the past looks a little more appealing than the present, automotively speaking. So lets leave today simmering on the back burner, and dive into the rusty fridge to rifle through yesterday’s dubious cold cuts. And as it happens, what we’ll find is full of meaty goodness. Welcome to The Carchive.
These posts from the past have been a little sporadic lately – we nibbled a little taste of Japan last Wednesday and haven’t been back to the larder since. Today, we’re hitting 1967 France for a look at the Citroen ID19. It also feels doubly appropriate after looking at interesting steering wheels the other day.

There’s writing in these images, and you can read it if you click it up

“The modern motorist is hard to please. He wants to drive fast without risking his life, tackle heavy traffic in towns and park without shattering his nerves and ruining his health and to own an elegant and comfortable car without exceeding his budget.”
What a sentence. What a brochure.
The ’68 was the first of Citroens’s ID/DS range to feature the swooping front end treatment that made this such a spectacular looking car. In fact, I doubt that any car from any period of motoring has ever looked more ahead of its time. Not even the NSU RO80.
And, remarkably, even the brochure is tricky to pin down to a certain point in history. You could almost believe that the ID19 was a new, minimalist concept in 21st century car design.

“There is no comparison between Citroen’s hydropneumatic suspension and any other suspension system”
There’s no doubt about it, Citroen overachieved massively throughout the 21st century. The Traction Avant had massive advantages over its contemporaries and was kept in production for 23 years – exposing the world to mass produced unibody cars with front wheel drive and independent suspension for the first time. Then came the DS (and ID), the less pioneering but no less spectacular CX and the pointy, floaty XM. Oh, and the 2CV, which was no more mechanically complex than cutlery and could be rebodied by simply folding a single piece of tinfoil to fit.
And, when other companies were struggling to produce cars that could corner predictably without recourse to a granite-firm ride, Citroen had devised its own pressurized hydraulic system that gave its biggest car a combination of poise and opulence that more expensive cars couldn’t match. It even proved durable if properly maintained.

“At 100mph or 50mph, the car is exceptionally quiet.”
It’s worth considering here that the ID19 was the least expensive model in the ID/DS range at that point. Okay, by ’67 it wasn’t quite as much of an entry-level model as it had been – pre-facelift there had been a ‘Normale’ model that was substantially more basic – but a 100mph top speed was good going for a European sedan of the ’60s.
And one whose 1.9-litre engine developed just 83bhp. Keeping costs down, the ID did without power steering, but the ’68 model year did have high-pressure brakes that were linked to the suspension hydraulics. They could prove tricky to use before you got used to them, but they were damned effective.

“The metal framework which supports the various body components is welded to a rigid girder chassis designed according to the the principle of greater strength strength from hollow members which is used in aircraft construction.”
The ID/DS was a stunning piece of engineering. Following on from the unitary construction of its predecessor, its structure was strong enough to take the majority of forces acting against the car, so the surface panels were largely cosmetic. The roof panel, incidentally, was made from fibreglass, which helped to lower the centre of gravity. Nobody else in the world was thinking quite like this.

“There is something quite different about it. Comfort, safety, the pleasure of driving, performance: Once you have tried it you will never be able to give it up”
There’s a strong argument for the Citroen DS to be recognised among the very finest cars ever built, and I suggest that the ID, the most affordable variant, is the best of all. Whatever, for a company to have offered a car like this is a hell of a thing to have on its CV.
It makes it all the more disappointing that DS, a brand now separate from Citroen, offers a comparatively uninspiring range of cars, which include a pretty ancient ex-Citroen hatchback and, inevitably, an SUV. It seems that embracing the innovation of the past isn’t key to ensuring sales success today. It also looks as if more people see DS as a new brand than one steeped in heritage. After a market absence of forty years or so, the link between now and then seems tenuous at best unless it comes up with something as truly revolutionary as the car you see here.
And then, why not rebrand the rest of Citroen’s offerings as ID models? In an age where personality and individuality is celebrated, that name (or those initials) is more resonant now than ever before.
(All images are of original publicity material, photographed by me. Copyright remains property of PSA Group. This is one of my very favourite brochures, you might already have guessed)

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7 responses to “The Carchive: The '67 Citroen ID19.”

  1. salguod Avatar

    An ID/DS is on my list of cars that I’d really like to own one day. Beautiful, unique and fantastically engineered.

  2. tonyola Avatar

    In my opinion, the best thing Citroen did to the DS/ID was the adoption of the glass-covered lights for the 1968 model year. Makes the car look much sleeker. We in the USA had to put up with a less-effective compromise.

    1. Rover 1 Avatar
      Rover 1

      It wasn’t just the aerodynamic glass covers that make the non-USA lights better.The outer lights are the ‘largest reflector area possible’ 7″ and, in addition, unique to the DS and SM for 40+
      years, the inner main-beam only lights were connected to the steering so that the lights turned in the direction that the front wheels were pointing. This was done, not by fancy electronics or hydraulics but by connecting the lights to the steering arms by wire and pulleys, so it’s completely reliable. The same size twin lights in the US models are fixed straight ahead. They are also sealed beam rather than the ‘H series’ universal standard halogen units on the rest of the world models.
      Those lines on the glass covers masquerading as heating elements are purely cosmetic, the plenum is well ventilated to avoid misting.

  3. nanoop Avatar

    That title page of the brochure, with a dozen details with each recognizable today, unmistakably, as a Citroën. I can’t think of any recent car where this would work for me.
    Edit: they tricked me, it’s only 11 details.

  4. Rover 1 Avatar
    Rover 1

    “Citroen had devised its own pressurized hydraulic system that gave its biggest car a combination of poise and opulence that more expensive cars couldn’t match. It even proved durable if properly maintained.”
    That last sentence SHOULD read ‘It even proved highly durable unless willingly mistreated. ”
    My Citroen BX and CX have required far less maintenance on their suspension and brakes than my ‘ simpler’ cars. The reason for this is simple: for the Citroen system to work at all it has to be made so well, to such exacting tolerances, that it ends up being extremely reliable. Most problems are caused by topping up with the wrong fluid. We wrote off my mothers first BX a few years ago when a local idiot mechanic topped up the system with ATF. The cost of flushing out the system properly was more than the car was worth, so the car was dismantled for parts.

  5. Fuhrman16 Avatar

    I absolutely love the Citroen ID/DS, especially these post facelift cars. Even 50 years after they’ve been introduced, they look like something from 50 years into the future.

    1. Rover 1 Avatar
      Rover 1

      Indeed, they are very back to the future